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This is a unit-by-unit guide to websites that will help inform and extend the topics covered in the Level 2 Student’s Book.

The websites are categorised as follows:
Military English: the language or theme is specific to the military
General English: the language or theme is not specific to the military
Information: the site is information on the topic only
Interactive: the site contains online activities for students
Non-interactive: the site contains activities that can be practised offline

Unit 1 | Unit 2 | Unit 3 | Unit 4 | Unit 5 | Unit 6 | Unit 7 | Unit 8 | Unit 9 | Unit 10 | Unit 11 | Unit 12 |

nits 1-12 Military English Interactive Practice Materials

Online Interactive Military English Tasks

Log on to Delaso’s interactive Military English materials Student pages. There are tons of tasks for students at Campaign Level 2. Click on Student and then choose the Delaso/SQA Certificate in Military English section for practice tasks in reading and military vocabulary, grammar, military-related collocations, military map symbology, military terminology, radio call signs and prowords, military abbreviations and acronyms, and defence writing.

After each task of 10 questions the student’s score is tallied. Depending on their performance, the student may want to attempt the task again. All questions are automatically shuffled, so the order in which they appear changes each time a student re-attempts the task.
Military English – Interactive – Grammar, Reading, Military Terminology

Unit 1 Parachute Regiment

Grammar: past simple (regular verbs)
Invite your students to stop off at Grammar Central and brush up on the past simple. The page gives a review of the structure of regular verbs in the past simple before offering a few exercises as practice.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Grammar: past simple (irregular verbs)
Why not pay a visit to the Grammar Aquarium and have your students try the three interactive crosswords on irregular verbs in the past simple tense.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

The Falklands War
Provides extensive information on battles, weapons, aircraft and warships involved in the Falklands War of 1982 including many personal accounts by both British and Argentinean soldiers. Click on any of the images onscreen to access full details of a chosen field. Texts could be used as part of jigsaw reading tasks or for project work on the Falklands War. Information (including stories and poetry) is added to the site on a continuous basis.
Military English – Information - Reading

Parachute Regiment (Paras)
At this address you’ll find a short history of the British Parachute Regiment, as well as details on organisation, weapons and equipment, and recruitment and training. The language of the texts is ideal for NATO STANAG Level 2 and could be used as part of a grammar focus on a particular tense e.g. paragraph 3 of the Paras’ ‘History’ (past simple tense). This site also contains 5 useful photo galleries which could be used to illustrate class discussion activities.

The section on the role of the Paras in the Falklands War could be exploited as a reading comprehension task to build on the information and consolidate the vocabulary presented in Unit 1.
Military English – Information - Reading

This website offers many quizzes and interactive activities covering the world of sport and provides links that take you to a number of different websites...
General English – Vocabulary

Unit 2 The Battalion

Grammar: Must/Have to
Try this interactive task on must/have to. More practice on other modal forms is also given on this site.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Military Units
This encyclopaedia reference page is ideal for teachers who are new to military English teaching or for teachers who need to brush up on their knowledge of military hierarchy. It contains information on British and US military organisation and includes links at the foot of the article for additional pages on the structure of both the British Army and US Armed Forces in richer detail. What is interesting for students is the possibility of clicking on the ranks of the officers in command and being redirected to their roles within various international armed forces. Students can also click on any of the military units/formations for additional information. You will no doubt find yourself coming back again and again to this useful reference site for background information and for class project work.
Military English – Information - Reading

Battalion Organisation
The Briefing Notes in the Campaign Teacher’s Book and the tasks in the Student’s Book offer a comprehensive amount of information on contemporary British Battalion organisation. Many of your students will be very interested in military history. As an extension task and to give them practice in using the key lexis of military formations at the division level and below, you might like to consult this site which provides information on the battalion formations of a number of armed forces during WWII. You could split the class into teams, assigning each a particular country and ask them to talk about the battalion organisation adopted by a specific country. Other teams could be invited to ask questions.
Military English – Information - Reading

Drill Commands
Military English teachers often ask about the most common orders or drill commands and are unsure of what to call them or where to find information on them. Once again, the Wikipedia proves an invaluable resource. This page lists many drill commands currently used as well as information on the drill voice (distinctness, loudness, projection, inflection and snap).
Military English – Information - Reading

If there’s anything your students are going to be super interested in (besides military English, of course) it’s very likely to be football: also known as the beautiful game. Finding football sites is easy, but finding one that teaches learners of English the core vocabulary is no simple task. However, the above site gives students all the basic vocabulary they need which will recycle that presented in the Unit. Language on scoring, type of shot, reading from the press, talking about football to friends and several quizzes and games can all be found here, as well as useful listening comprehension tasks. Why not prepare a word search using the vocabulary from one of the above sections, or a matching task to pair vocabulary and meanings up?
General English – Interactive - Vocabulary

Unit 3 Military Observer

Grammar: Present perfect
Try the three different interactive tasks on the present perfect tense.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Grammar: Prepositions
Auto-English offers this task which looks at prepositions of place, as well as a further 12 interactive tasks on prepositions for additional practice.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

United Nations Military Observer
Ask students to read pages 19-38 of the UN Military Observer Handbook on the duties of a Military Observer. Tell them to make notes of the main points outlines in the chapter and to be prepared to brief you on each.
Military English – Information - Reading

Managing radio conversations: Prowords
Although aimed primarily at junior ranks, this UN training publication is an invaluable resource for military language training for all ranks. Pages 67-74 focus on prowords and reports on signal reception commonly used in military radio voice procedure. Ask students to visit the site and give them 15 minutes to read and absorb as much of the information as they can. Prepare a list of proword definitions and ask for the corresponding proword. Depending on student performance, you may want to have students re-read the pages on prowords again.
Military English – Information - Reading

Observation Post
The UN Peacekeeping Training Manual (pages 49-50) gives you details on both positions and Observation Posts (OPs). To build on the information in the Campaign Unit you could design a worksheet asking students to access the site and write short, bullet-point notes on the differences between positions and observation posts, marking and protection, training, daily routine and observing techniques. Students could then use their notes to brief the class.
Military English – Information - Reading

Unit 4 March or Die

Grammar: Past continuous and past simple
On the English Page site, try task 3. For some help, click on the Verb Tense Tutorial button at the foot of the task. The tutorial provides some useful timelines as examples.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

French Foreign Legion
This site offers a wealth of background and practical information on life in the French Foreign Legion. The information is presented in mainly ‘bite-sized’ easy-to-read pieces. You might want to split students into small groups and ask them each to read as much of the site as they can in, say, 15 – 20 minutes, and to come up with 10 – 15 questions about the French Foreign Legion. Each group should then ask the other groups a question in turn. The team with the fastest correct answer gets 2 points. After all the questions have been asked, the team with the most correct answers is the winner. The teacher can keep the score on the board.
Military English – Information - Reading

Operation Leopard, Kolwezi
When students have completed the section on Operation Leopard, they may like to read about the operation in greater detail in the article ‘Rescued by the French Foreign Legion’. The key dates in the article could be written on a board or given to students (in a timeline format) as a worksheet from which they can make notes on the operation. Invite them to tell you about the additional information they discovered online.
Military English – Information - Reading

Special Forces
In this Unit students are introduced to the main roles carried out by Special Forces. Pair students up and assign each a country from the website. Students should research the Special Forces in that country and prepare a short presentation on their main roles and responsibilities.
Military English – Information - Reading
Alternatively, invite students to log on to the UK MoD website and write a short piece based on the role of the new Special Forces Support Group.
Military English – Information - Reading

Unit 5 The 3rd Armoured Regiment

Grammar: During/while/for
This French university site offers you 16 multiple choice questions on for or during and tallies your score for you.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Regimental History: The Brave Rifles
The opening text in this Unit provides an account of the regimental history of the 3d US Armored Cavalry Regiment (The Brave Rifles). The history of the regiment is presented in greater detail on this site and covers much of the information in the text. However, it also provides new information on the role played by the Regiment from 1972 to the present day. You may like to have students read the information and update you. Alternatively, visit the site before class and note some key dates/moments in the Regiment’s history since 1972. Write these on the board and ask students to find the answers on the site.
Military English – Information - Reading

Military Base
Clearly military bases will differ in structure and services in relation to size, location etc. It is often difficult for teachers to know just what vocabulary to focus on. This site (for US Air Force Andrews AFB) should give teachers and students an idea of the many different services and amenities typically found on US bases. Teachers might like to have students scan the information provided and compare the services/amenities with their own base or a base with which they are familiar.
Military English – Information - Reading

Armoured Fighting Vehicles
The above link will give you 43 pages of information (including specifications) on main battle tanks from different countries. You could prepare a worksheet detailing the main specifications of several main battle tanks leaving gaps in each for students to complete. They could then log on to the site and scan the relevant pages for the missing information.
Military English – Information - Reading

Rules of Engagement
Visit this site for an expanded definition of ‘ROE’ or ‘Rules of Engagement. The site also gives a jpg of actual ROEs. For additional sample ROEs, you may want to log on to the following site: Ask students who have participated in international missions to compare what they see with ROEs with which they are familiar.
Military English – Information - Reading

Unit 6 International HQ

Grammar: Infinitives and gerunds
Pay a visit to the Grammar Aquarium for this interactive task on gerund or infinitive. And, when students have completed that task, have them try the gerund/infinitive quiz at
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Grammar: Direct/Indirect pronouns
Another visit to the Grammar Aquarium gives students practice in selecting the correct pronoun. This is one task that may be useful repeating.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Grammar: Indirect questions
Complete these 12 sentences by changing direct into indirect questions.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

The above site provides you with a lesson plan for a business setting which most closely mirrors a military setting. Simply focus on military vocabulary rather than on marketing or sales lexis. Be very careful with regard to the ranks of those on the phone and ensure that the appropriate register is used. You may like to use a few mobile phones for added authenticity when skeleton conversations have been prepared by students. One student could be in the classroom whilst the other is in the corridor or another classroom.

Encourage students to practise some of the telephone expressions they met in this Unit of Campaign.
General English – Information

Greetings and introductions

Visit Hong Kong City University’s Interactive Online Listening Assistant and click on Unit 5 (Meetings). The materials will give students practice in making suggestions, interrupting, asking and giving opinions, and agreeing and disagreeing. The listening components require use of the ‘Real Player’ programme which can be downloaded.

The Special Forces link on the UK MoD website is:

Unit 7 Carrier

Grammar: will
This Canadian site (from the University of Victoria) gives 2 interactive tasks on the future tense, as well as an introductory tutorial.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Shore Leave: Food and drink/Hitting the town
The language and up-to-date vocabulary on these web pages will be much appreciated by your students as it reflects the type of language used by servicemen and women in the UK today. Learning and using several of these expressions will give your officers plenty of street cred with their British counterparts.
General English – Vocabulary

Royal Marines
Log on to the FAQ section of the site. Prepare 10 short answer questions for your students to answer in pairs. When you’ve reviewed the answers, assign each pair a specific section of the website e.g. Careers, Basic Facts, Reserve, Commando Display Team, etc. and have them give a short briefing to their colleagues on what they discovered.
Military English – Information - Reading

Navies and naval vessels
Divide the class into pairs or small groups. Assign each pair/group one of the above sites. Each is assigned a navy of a specific country. The task is to find out information about their fleet’s most powerful warship, three historical facts, three things they didn’t know about the navy, and three naval expressions (not included in the Unit). Pairs/Groups should exchange their information with each of the other groups in turn.
Military English – Information - Reading

Naval language
Divide the class into two teams. Give each 20 minutes to go through the website on naval slang and to come up with at least 20 questions for the other team. Each team takes turns asking each other the naval slang terminology with a correct answer winning 2 points. Teacher keeps the score on the board and the team with most points at the end of the quiz is the winner.
Military English – Information - Reading

Unit 8 Fearless Warrior

Pronunciation: sentence stress
Students can get more information on sentence stress from this site. In addition to the information provided, there are also short audio examples of the sentence stress discussed in the text.
General English – Interactive – Pronunciation

Press briefing
This will require some preparation on your part. Access the NATO website and listen to a recent video briefing you feel will be of interest to your students. This can be found on the home page (usually on the right of the screen). Prepare a worksheet on the briefing in either True/False or short answer (max 3 words) format. Ask students to listen to the briefing. Allow students to listen twice and then review the task.

Remember that the briefings are updated on a regular basis, so further additional listening practice could be of considerable benefit to your class. Note that transcripts of the briefings are normally available.
Military English – Interactive - Listening

Military briefings
This Unit introduces students to press and information briefings in a general way. The website goes into greater detail on the US style of military briefing and details four formats: Information, Decision, Mission, and Staff. Divide your class into four groups and assign each one of the briefing formats. Have students log on to the site and note the general information relevant to all types of military briefing including preparation, construction and delivery. Each group should then consider its assigned briefing format and make notes on that briefing type.

You could then ask each group to use their briefing frameworks to design and present a briefing to the class. If you do choose to do this, remember to give students sufficient preparation time.
Military English – Information - Reading

Joining instructions
Ask students to log on to the general joining instructions for the Allied Command Operations Tactical Leadership Programme Flying Course. Have them make notes of the information provided and ask them to comment on their content and clarity. Is there any other information they feel should have been included? How do these joining instructions compare to any students have received prior to other training events?
Military English – Information - Reading

Military Exercises
If you have students from all branches of the armed forces, some may feel that there is more of an emphasis on another branch than on their own. Invite students to log on to the NATO website and to locate any military exercise of their choice to research as part of a class project. Allow students a few weeks to put a short presentation on their chosen briefing together. Invite the rest of the class to ask questions at the end of each presentation.
Military English – Information - Reading

Unit 9 Operation Orders

Grammar: clauses of purpose
Although this task doesn’t give students practice in the more formal ‘in order that’, it focuses on the more common so/so that.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Abbreviations and Acronyms
Have your students try out this interactive matching task on military abbreviations on the British Council’s Military Zone.
Military English – Interactive

Operation orders Lesson%2011%20Operation_Orders_II.ppt
After students have completed the Unit in Campaign, ask them to look at this website which gives a 15-slide MS PowerPoint presentation on Operation Orders. Using both the information on the site, as well as the information in the Unit as a framework, ask students to design an introductory briefing on Operation Orders for junior officers. This is a task which could continue over several periods depending on the composition and linguistic strength of your class. Encourage your students to use MS PowerPoint if available and/or any other aids, including maps during their briefings.
Military English – Information - Reading

Battlefield operations
Prepare a list of 20 True/False statements based on the PowerPoint presentation on Offensive Operations. Have students log on to the site to attempt the task. This task develops and consolidates the vocabulary presented in the Unit.
Military English – Information - Reading

Military Field Manuals: Operations/Tactics
Where can you go to get more detailed information on topics such as operation orders? The best place to look is in military field manuals. For further information on military operations and tactics, you could access the above sites. These should prove to be of considerable use to your students who will be participating in international professional courses in English in the future.
Military English – Information - Reading

Unit 10 United Nations Police

Grammar: past perfect
Before trying these two interactive tasks on the past perfect tense, students might want to read through the useful introduction on this structure.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Grammar: modal verbs
This is just one of several pages on the Grammar Aquarium site offering interactive multiple choice quizzes on modal verbs. Students can choose from many other language task options (including a large section on tricky words) on this site which is well worth exploring.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Grammar: reported speech
Click on this link for a task on reported speech. This site also contains a wealth of interactive practice materials on grammar.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Crimes and criminals
This site provides numerous lists of vocabulary. Lists relating to both crimes (types of) and criminals can be found by clicking on the section labelled ‘Law’. When students have accessed the list(s) of their choice, they can choose from a number of interactive games to practise their chosen area of vocabulary in a pull-down section. The number of items presented is not overwhelming and offers ideal consolidation to the vocabulary presented in the Campaign unit.
General English – Interactive

Incident Report
For tasks involving the completion and understanding of a police incidence report, log on to this UN site. Click on Civilian Police and then scroll down as far as English Language Course for UN Civilian Police. Do NOT click on the blue button, but locate the word sponsor and the underlined number 10 which will take you to Chapter 10. You may find other units in this publication of assistance to military students.
Police English – Information - Reading

Unit 11 Combat Search and Rescue

Grammar: phrasal verbs
Why not try this multiple choice task on phrasal verbs? If students find it easy, there are another 17 tasks on phrasal verbs focusing on a specific pair of verbs or on a single topic. Alternatively, another useful site for phrasal verbs with over 20 separate tasks each focusing on a single verb can be found at
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Grammar: modal verbs
English Page offers six interactive tasks on various aspects of modals, as well as a modal verb test. Students also have the option of a modal verb tutorial to start.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Most internet searches for CASEVAC simply provide you with a definition and not much else. However, this site looks at tactics, techniques and procedures for synchronising task force medical assets during planning, preparation and execution phases of the CASEVAC. You could prepare a True/False/Not given task sheet focusing on information contained on the site and give students a time limit in which to locate the answers.
Military English – Information - Reading

First Aid
When students have completed the section on first aid in Campaign, pair them up and ask them to make a list of what a typical first aid kit might contain. Have students check their answers by clicking on to the BBC’s Essential First Aid Kit.
General English – Interactive

Medic! - Triage
The issue of military triage is a logical extension of the materials in section echo of this unit. Ask students to click on to Chapter 3, Triage and to look at the first 4 pages. Put students in small groups and ask each to prepare a short presentation on ‘triage’. This could be done using aids such as OHTs, flipcharts, board and/or MS PowerPoint.
Military English – Information - Reading

Unit 12 Lessons Learned

Grammar: Reported questions
This task on changing direct to indirect speech is one of several on reported speech and is part of a larger excellent online resource which also provides students with short explanatory notes on each topic.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Functions: Talking about plans/intentions
At Better English, students can assess their knowledge of the ‘going to’ future when talking about plans and arrangements over 20 multiple choice interactive questions. While visiting this site, it would pay to have a look around at the many other tasks available.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Peace Support Operations
Arguably the best all-round resource for Peace Support Operations from a practical point of view is the UN Peacekeeping Training Manual, a 283-page document available at this site. It presents the basics of peacekeeping in accessible, clear language. Rather than tackle the document in its entirety, it should prove a good resource to supplement those units in Campaign which feature particular aspects of peace support operations such as checkpoints (below).
Military English – Information - Reading

Pages 45-47 of the UN Training Manual give you a detailed breakdown on static and mobile checkpoints, roadblocks and searches, and could be used as a useful starting point for discussion. There is also additional, more detailed, information on mobile checkpoints on pages 83-85. To develop the vocabulary presented in Campaign, you may wish to look at the diagrams on pages 80 and 81 on OHP in class. These demonstrate possible layouts of checkpoints and include additional useful lexis such as gun pit, speed breaker and chain link.
Military English – Information - Reading

After action review
The US Armed Forces Training Circular: A Leader’s Guide to After Action Reviews is a very useful reference tool that highlights the depth into which AARs are conducted. After completing the unit in Campaign, you may wish to consider both formal and informal AARs and the steps involved in the AAR process, eliciting from students the similarities and differences between the US AAR and their national equivalent.
Military English – Information - Reading

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