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This is a unit-by-unit guide to websites that will help inform and extend the topics covered in the Level 3 Student’s Book.

The websites are categorised as follows:
Military English: the language or theme is specific to the military
General English: the language or theme is not specific to the military
Information: the site is information on the topic only
Interactive: the site contains online activities for students
Non-interactive: the site contains activities that can be practiced offline

Unit 1 | Unit 2 | Unit 3 | Unit 4 | Unit 5 | Unit 6 | Unit 7 | Unit 8 | Unit 9 | Unit 10 | Unit 11 | Unit 12 |

Units 1-12 Military English Interactive Practice Materials

Online Interactive Military English Tasks

Log on to Delaso’s interactive Military English materials Student pages. There are tons of tasks for students at Campaign Level 3. Click on Student and then choose the Delaso/SQA Diploma in Military English section for practice tasks in reading (military topics) and military vocabulary, grammar, military-related collocations, military map symbology, military terminology, military slang, military expressions in everyday English, Field Manual comprehension, military medicine, and the Law of Armed Conflict.

After each task of 10 questions the student’s score is tallied. Depending on their performance, the student may want to attempt the task again. All questions are automatically shuffled, so the order in which they appear changes each time a student re-attempts the task.
Military English – Interactive – Grammar, Reading, Military Terminology

Unit 1 Assignment abroad

Temporary Duty Assignment
These pages contain information on the policies, procedures and responsibilities for procuring US military personnel for TDY.
The US Department of Defence form 1610 can be downloaded in Adobe Acrobat format from the above link and may prove useful to your students for form-filling practice.
Military English

Orientation briefing
For information on the structure of different types of military briefing, these US military web pages will give you a clear and concise outline of what is required. Note that an orientation briefing would be structured as for an information briefing.
Military English

Non-commissioned officers
For a brief encyclopaedia entry on non-commissioned officers (NCOs) and some additional details of NCO ranks in the armed forces of the UK, Canada and the USA, log on to the Wikipedia. This will give you a useful introductory overview. NCOoutlook/Documents/FM%207-22-7.pdf
For over 200 pages of information on being an NCO, the above link takes you to the US Army Non-commissioned Officer Guide in Adobe Acrobat format. Here you can read about the history, duties, responsibilities and authority of the NCO, leadership, training, as well as counselling and mentorship.
Military English

Present Tenses
Here are three interactive quizzes on present tenses. The first link offers practice on the present simple tense, while the second and third both focus on the uses of the present simple/present continuous tenses. They’re not as easy as they look.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Dynamic and stative verbs
Have your students review the grammar tutorial on the differences between stative and dynamic verbs on the University of Victoria’s Language Centre web pages. There are two interactive tasks that follow in which students must decide whether the verbs are stative or dynamic.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 2 Military service

Joining up
Many armed forces will have recruitment web pages providing information to young people considering ‘joining up’ such as the British Armed Forces link above.
You can also find some non-official links such as this one that lets potential recruits know in detail exactly what they are signing up for. This site focuses on the US military and provides a 14-part ‘series’ containing information on the enlistment process and contracts, military pay, chow halls, assignments, promotions, morale, welfare and recreation activities, and more besides.
Military English

Military Career
By clicking on the above link you can access information on careers in the British Army, Royal Navy or Royal Air Force.
Military English

Conscript or professional armed forces
The Wikipedia pages on the topic of conscription are particularly good. Not only do they discuss the issue of conscription and its history in detail, but also provide a list of armed forces where conscription is compulsory. The pages also consider arguments for and against conscription as well as other factors including economics. Links are also provided to a number of related Wikipedia articles on the subject, as well as a list of external web links should students wish to research the area in greater detail.
Military English

Present simple/present continuous
Try exercises 1 and 2 for some present simple/present continuous practice at the English Page site. Note that at the bottom of each page there’s a button students can click to be taken to a tutorial help page before they start on the tasks.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Present prefect/present perfect continuous
Stay on the English page site and look at Exercises 7 and 8 for practice with the present perfect and the present perfect continuous. Students who would like a little extra help can click on the ‘verb tenses’ button at the foot of the page which will take them to a useful online tense overview.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Phrasal verbs
There are plenty of sites offering interactive practice with phrasal verbs: see the second link below. The problem is that very often these are limited to general English, so practice for phrasal verbs related to military English is very limited. Why not use this dictionary of phrasal verbs to produce some work sheets for your students. You could prepare a list of the phrasal verbs featured in Campaign and provide a definition and a main verb. Students then have to look through the site to find the corresponding verb.
To make things a bit more challenging, prepare worksheets in which a number of sentences have gaps in which students have to insert the correct phrasal verb. These could be listed in a box at the top of the worksheet. Students would then have to put the correct verb in the correct gap (perhaps using the correct grammatical form of the verb). They could use the online dictionary to check they have chosen the right phrasal verb.
For a quiz containing 67 interactive questions on phrasal verbs, your students might like to get further practice here.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 3 Humanitarian assistance

Humanitarian Assistance
The Pan American Health Organization’s ‘Guide for Effective Aid’ can be downloaded in Adobe Acrobat format. It provides a solid, general orientation to humanitarian assistance.
For students who would like to look into this area from the military perspective, the Rand Organization has published an excellent monograph entitled Assessing Requirements for Peacekeeping, Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief. The publication discusses various options for the effective conduct of PSOs, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief and considers the history of operations carried out from 1990-1996. It also looks at the military demands of each in terms of frequency, duration and level of effort, as well as providing recommendations to improve capability.
Military English/General English

NGOs and the Military
There is no shortage of websites on relations between NGOs and the military, each with their own very specific perspective. The International Committee of the Red Cross, however, has a long history of working with militaries in all parts of the world. The above link will take you to pages on the ICRC website where you can click to download a 26-page report on the ICRC and civil military relations in armed conflict. It contains sections on the role of the military in post Cold War crisis management, humanitarian work by the military, areas of co-operation between humanitarian organisations and the military, training, and guidelines for civil-military co-operation.
Military English

CIMIC:Civil-military liaison
For an invariably accessible introduction to CIMIC, log on to the Wikipedia pages. The general introduction will also provide you with further external links.
For a definitive in-depth introduction to CIMIC, you should visit the NATO website and access Allied Joint Publications 9 (AJP 9) which goes into considerable detail: (57 pages).
If the main NATO document appears too unwieldy for your students at this stage, perhaps a visit to the above pages may prove fruitful. They detail the experience of the Italian Armed Forces as regards civil-military relations in PSOs.
Military English

On this site there is an extensive dictionary of idioms. There is also a ‘hide definitions’ button which means that teachers could design a worksheet of idioms featured in Campaign. Simply leave out each definition and provide just part of the idiom. Ask students to search the site to find the idiom that matches the definition.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Future forms with will
Both of the above short tasks offer interactive practice in the different futures and on will/going to. Have your students try them after completing bravo task 5 in Campaign.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 4 Boots on the ground

The strategic corporal
The site of the Australian Army Journal provides a very accessible article by Major Lynda Liddy. Simply click on the link to read The Strategic Corporal: some requirements in training and education.
An article by Ron Sergeant from the US Military Review looks at the role of the strategic corporal in relation to operations in Iraq and considers the concept from a practical perspective.
Military English

Military logistics
Scroll down this extremely useful publications page until you come to logistics and click on to the table of contents of the UN Tables of Organization and Equipment Manual. It details the missions and tasks normally performed by each unit, sub-unit and element in UN operations. Remember that you have to click on the appropriate chapter links to access the contents of the manual.
Military English

Working with Interpreters in the field
The above pages highlight common problems military officers have in working with interpreters in the field and take into account the use of acronyms, dialects, jargon, and the role of culture in communication.
Military English

Visit the Grammar Aquarium for 9 interactive tasks on the various forms of the conditional.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Reported Speech
You can get some useful discussion out of these 15 questions on indirect speech. Some of the options invite students to say whether more than one of the other options is correct. Very good for discussion on what’s acceptable and what isn’t.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 5 Leaders and leadership

Military leadership
Type in ‘military leadership’ into a search engine and you will be presented with thousands of sites. The link above (from Maxwell Air Force Base) doesn’t focus on any specific aspect of military leadership, rather it presents you with a list of sites and links on leadership in the military which is a useful starting point for further research into the area.
Military English

Great military leaders: Hannibal
As with several of our links above, the Wikipedia proves an invaluable starting point to learn about Hannibal and his military career. However, there are also sites that go into greater depth such as
Alternatively, for pure fun, invite your students to log onto this short interactive multiple choice game and see whether they could have defeated Hannibal.
Military English

Command dilemmas
Combat misconduct stress behaviours such as malingering, fraternisation, and looting are discussed on this page as part of a US Field Manual on Combat Stress Control. Chap2%20Sec%20I%20Cadet%20Conduct.pdf
Your students might like to discuss the content of these pages from the Virginia Military Institute’s Code of Conduct for cadets in relation to similar military institutes with which they are familiar.
Military English

Past perfect and past simple
Visit the English Page site and try interactive task 11 to practise the past perfect and past simple tenses. For those looking for a challenge, why not try task 12 which also includes the present perfect tense?
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Past conditional
To review the uses of the conditional from a grammatical perspective, students could start off by trying this interactive quiz on naming the different types of conditional. (Note that the conditional was also practised in Campaign Unit 4). When this task has been successfully completed, students could go on to try the quiz on mixed conditionals on the same site at
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Describing people;quiz=114_appearance;quiz=1340_appearances
The BBC offers students two short interactive quizzes on appearance on the above pages.
General English

Unit 6 Exercise Gallant Eagle

Combat Readiness
This article from Infantry magazine - Improving Combat Readiness: Developing and Implementing Effective Training is perhaps a useful place to start introducing students to the type of language they’ll encounter in professional military journals. It will also develop the vocabulary practised in Campaign.
Military English

Emergencies: MEDEVAC
This is the first of two links to the US site Talking Proud. It gives a well-illustrated account of the history of the US ‘Dustoff’ MEDEVAC crews.
The second article from the above site also contains an excellent photo gallery throughout and depicts the MEDEVAC process from the moment a trooper is down to loading him up for a flight for Germany.
At first sight, the magazine Popular Mechanics may seem an unusual title for information on MEDEVAC. It actually contains a very interesting article on MEDEVAC in Iraq by a journalist who accompanied military MEDEVAC teams in US Black Hawks. The article, entitled ‘Birds of Mercy’ contains a wealth of useful vocabulary and many idiomatic expressions. If you feel some of your students aren’t quite ready for it now, it could well be an article to which you return later in the course.
Military English

Survival Training
There’s loads of useful information on wilderness survival on this website. You might like to visit it and prepare some worksheets for students on survival techniques. Alternatively, you could assign students one or two of the 23 areas on the left of the home page – (shelters, firecraft, weapons, sea survival, desert survival, camouflage etc.) and ask them to make a mini-presentation to the class. All of the information has been sourced from US Army training manuals.

When you feel they’re ready, have your students try Sgt Safari’s Survival Quiz. There are 21 interactive multiple choice questions on surviving in the wild.
Military English - Interactive

Click on the Student section of the Delaso website for a wide range of military-related interactive collocation tasks.
Military English - Interactive

Reported questions
Log on to Auto English for an interactive mini-quiz of 14 reported questions.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 7 Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers
The best place to start looking for information in the Royal Engineers is at the above site. Information is presented in clear language. Why not pair up students and ask them to come up with 5 – 10 pieces of information on the Royal Engineers that is not presented in Campaign Unit 7.
A very useful source for articles on and by the Royal Engineers can be found at the above link where previous issues of ‘Sapper’ Magazine are available for download.
Military English

Military Uniforms
As always, the Wikipedia provides students with an invaluable starting point from which to further research the history of military uniforms. It looks, in general, at regimental dress, the end of bright uniforms, modern uniforms and considers visibility and camouflage. Not only does it provide valuable internal links on military uniform types (battledress, mess dress, full dress) and components (medals, belts), it also looks at military uniforms in art and gives a list of uniforms and clothing from WWII.

Military Dress
This Canadian Armed Forces guide to military dress should prove useful to you and your students. It contains service dress regulations for all of the armed forces, as well as very useful photos of badges and labelled diagrams of mess dress.
Military English

Military Map Symbols
If your students are not completely au fait with the basics of military map symbology, you may want to run through the basics on the Wikipedia pages with them. For an extremely useful reference tool, have students click on the references link at the bottom of the page to access the UK Interim APP-6A manual which is based on the NATO APP-6A manual.
Military English

Defining relative clauses
Try the Grammar Aquarium’s interactive short answer quiz on defining relative clauses.
To refresh your knowledge, you might like to log onto the above grammar notes before starting the quiz.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Non-defining relative clauses
Why not stay on the Grammar Aquarium site to try this mini-quiz on non-defining relative clauses? Like the most of the links on this site, additional grammar notes are provided to help you before you attempt the quiz.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 8 Media operations

Hostile environment training
Learn about hostile environment training from a journalist’s perspective. You may like to have students read the information in the article and compare it to that in Unit 8. Ask your students what they think about the tips in the section: A few tips for the really hard core. Do they represent sound advice?
Military English

The military and the media
This link was designed for school pupils. That notwithstanding, it gives a clear overview of censorship, military and the press, embedded journalists and press pools. It also has a useful, clearly-structured role play activity on press rules for future wars. You might find the activity a useful one for your students.
For an in-depth, academically-researched approach to the subject, students may find all or parts of Maj. E.L. English’s report Towards a more productive military-media relationship of interest. The report details the relationship between the US media and the armed forces in, for instance, Vietnam and Iraq. He also makes several suggestions for the military to become more proactive in their dealings with the media.
A further detailed article with many superb links is Shah’s War, Propaganda and the Media. Again, this is a well-researched piece of work which develops aspects of the military-media relationship highlighted by English, above.
Military English

Each of the links above takes you to a web page with an article or report with a distinct view on embedding journalists with the military. Invite students to read at least two of the texts and prepare for a class discussion in which one group of students argues the case for retaining the system of embedding, and in which the other group calls for an end to the practice.
Military English

Verbs followed by to (infinitive) or -ing forms
Get more practice with verbs using to + infinitive or –ing with this 21 question interactive quiz.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

After completing the delta grammar section in Campaign, you might want to test your students’ knowledge of the conjunction on this page.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 9 Desert Storm

Operation Order
Have your students consider the above PowerPoint presentation. Ask them to condense the information to make a shorter presentation on an Operation Order.
For more details on OPORDs than the above, click on this link that also gives you information on WARNOs and FRAGOs. This is taken from a lesson on the intent and function of combat orders. For more detailed information, students should consult a military field manual.
Your students might enjoy this short interactive matching tack on the Operation Order.
Military English

Laws of Armed Conflict
For an excellent detailed manual on the Law of Armed Conflict, log on to the above Canadian National Defence site.
Military English

Issues in International Humanitarian Law
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) booklet International Humanitarian Law – Answers to your questions is a readable account of IHL. For a more in-depth discussion, the link - will take you to the online version of the Rules of International Humanitarian law and other rules relating to the conduct of hostilities. Note that many of these publications can be downloaded from the ICRC site. The organisation also has a short video for officer IHL training which is available free of charge.
Military English

Past Tenses (regular actions and habits);quiz=1247_used_to
Students could start off by logging on to the BBC’s Learning English website and trying the short quiz on ‘used to’.
General English

Conditional clauses
This page offers a useful task on if/unless together with options for saying when both might be possible.
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Unit 10 Working group

Military Writing
The website of the Canadian Regional Cadet Instructor School offers an excellent introduction to the field of military writing. Not only does it talk about the various conventions that should be used, it also gives real-life examples of these which can be enlarged at the click of a mouse. The site is fully interactive so you can click on headings and terminology for detailed explanation. Each section is followed by a test. Students can even see an authentic example of operation orders discussed in Unit 9.
Military English - Interactive

Military Etiquette
Your students will be fascinated by the materials and content of this Canadian military documentation on military etiquette. You may like to prepare a quiz on the materials for your class.
Military English

This site is a civilian site, but the information given on planning and conducting meetings is just as valid for military settings. There is a wealth of tips and hints to make meetings run smoothly and, if needed, students can click on the Guru for advice.
General English - Interactive

Small talk
These two pages do not offer students any interactive ‘small talk’ practice, but they do provide some valuable advice on the subject that will be of interest to al students including ‘How to Improve Small Talk Skills’, and ‘Appropriate and Inappropriate Subjects’. Also, have a look at the ‘Related Articles’ link at the bottom of the page for a link to a lesson plan on small talk that you may find useful for your class.
This page also gives you a lesson plan for greetings and leave-takings used in small talk situations, and is in greater detail than the first. It is a useful lesson, designed to be done on a regular basis, that your officers will appreciate.
General English

Time clauses
For adverb clauses with time expressions, the About ESL page offers a brief overview

For some practice in using time clauses, students might like to visit this Swiss college website’s English pages: There are 4 interactive quizzes here. Students click on ‘time clauses 1 – 4’ and are taken to different sites for practice. The first is labelled ‘conjunctions’, but students need not be concerned about this.
General English

Unit 11 Special Air Service

An excellent starting point for the background and history of the SAS and international equivalents can be found on the Wikipedia pages. There are many links to other SAS pages as well as to information on special forces from around the world.
Military English

Log on to the Terrorism 101 site for a short article on the role of the SAS in counter-terrorist activities. The link provides you with a list of international counter-terrorism organisations which students may wish to research.
Military English

Combat effectiveness – Women in special forces
Invite students to read the article ‘Women in combat units: It’s still a bad idea’ and discuss in class.
The above FAQs on women in combat may provide additional points of view for group discussion.
Military English

Clauses of reason
The interactive task on purpose, reason, and result clauses is interesting as it explains the reasons why a specific answer is acceptable. There is also an optional tutorial for students available at the click of a mouse.
General English

Reporting verbs in the passive
Macmillan’s One Stop English pages give both student and teacher some useful information on reporting verbs in the passive. For additional practice, teachers can consider the additional tips given on page 5: Five Bizarre Things will probably be the more suitable for a military audience.
General English

Unit 12 Multinational coalition

UN Peace Support Operations
Clearly the most authoritative site with a wealth of information on peacekeeping and resources on peacekeeping is the UN site above. It contains downloadable guides and aide memoires on PSOs and should prove to be an invaluable classroom resource.
The Global Forum Policy’s website offers students a series of links to areas of particular interest in UN peacekeeping, including tables, articles, finance, reform, and current operations.
Military English

Generation warfare
The Wikipedia will give you the clearest explanation of William Lind’s framework of the four generations of modern warfare in turn. Simply click on the relevant link.
Lind further develops his notion of 4GW in a 2004 article on this site.
Military English

What does J2 do?
For information on the designations and duties of the Permanent Joint Headquarters Divisions (J1-J9) visit this site.
Military English

Tag questions
There are 36 interactive questions on tag questions on this page. How many can your students get right?
General English – Interactive - Grammar

Cause and effect
Your students might like to try this quiz on ‘so/so that’ after completing delta task 8 in Campaign.
The above site offers a short grammar tutorial followed by some short interactive tasks on cause and effect. Students may like to try tasks 1 and 2.;quiz=1618_cause_effect
The BBC also offers a short interactive quiz at the above address on cause and effect.
General English – Interactive - Grammar


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